The US Department of State has its own intellectual property rights in Usa which is enforcement agency which ensures that the IP rights of US-based companies are protected across the world. The agency seeks to deter access to counterfeit and pirated goods that can harm consumers, ensure that the interests of American IP rights holders are protected abroad, and promote IP protection and enforcement as vital conditions for economic development.
Apart from this, the United States Patents and Trademarks Office protects the intellectual property rights of individuals and companies, as well as the trade secrets of firms.
The agency defines a trade secret as “a formula, pattern, compilation, program, device, method, technique or process”, which can give a company an “opportunity to obtain an economic advantage over competitors who do not know or use it”.
Any violation of either IP rights or trade secrets of American companies can result in the awarding of punitive damages, as well as the seizure of properties of the company that is accused of stealing those rights or secrets.
All such materials, whether physical or software, seized by the agencies then remain in the custody of the court until the matter is decided.